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Liver Cirrhosis

What is liver Cirrhosis?

Liver cirrhosis is a devastating condition affecting thousands of people every year. It is a condition that results from chronic alcohol consumption and has many other reasons behind it. Liver cirrhosis is an end-stage liver disease characterized by the deep scarring of the liver tissue. In this condition, the healthy liver tissue is replaced with damaged tissue leaving a permanent scar in the liver. The damaged liver tissue may keep your liver from functioning properly.

Also, various liver diseases and conditions injure the healthy liver cells and result in hepatocyte cell death and inflammation. This is followed by cell repair and, finally, tissue scarring due to the repair process.

The damaged/scarred tissue inhibits the blood flow towards the liver. It hampers its ability to digest and process the various nutrients, medications, hormones, and natural toxins (poisons) that we consume in our day to day life. The liver also plays a vital role in producing proteins and other substances, which may be hampered due to liver disease like liver cirrhosis. Liver Cirrhosis treatment, when not undertaken at the right time, can become a life-threatening disorder.

Liver Cirrhosis is one of the deadliest complications, which is caused by liver diseases. Irreversible scarring and loss of liver cells are involved in Liver Cirrhosis. The major causes of Liver Cirrhosis are consumption of alcohol and Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C as well. There can be other causes and diseases which may lead to cirrhosis of the liver.

Liver Cirrhosis

Symptoms Of Liver Cirrhosis

People in the initial stages may go through a feeling of weakness, and there might be a sudden loss in weight without any particular reason. In the later stages, the patients may have jaundice. The following are the symptoms that a person suffering from Liver Cirrhosis may have in different parts of the body:

Abdomen: There may be severe pain in the abdomen region, and veins around the belly button may get enlarged.

Gastrointestinal: There may be bleeding occurrences, and fluids may start to accumulate in the abdomen. There can be an excessive formation of gas. The Excretion of dark stool is also a visible symptom.

Skin: Skin may turn yellow along with swelling of blood vessels that can be visible through the skin.

Mind: It not only affects the body but the mind as well; you may go through nausea and may feel a sense of confusion all the time.

Whole Body: You may gain or lose weight unintentionally without doing anything about it. There can be breast enlargement, dark urine, breathlessness, itching, vomiting of blood, etc

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How can I prevent cirrhosis of the liver?

Liver cirrhosis treatment involves many lifestyle and dietary modifications which needs to be followed along with the medical treatment. Some of the lifestyle modifications for liver cirrhosis treatment are:

  • Cut down on alcohol: If you drink alcohol, regularly try to limit it. According to experts drinking more than two drinks a day may increase the risk of liver disease and its malfunctioning. Do not consume alcohol at all if you already have liver disease.
  • Consume a healthy diet: Our body needs the right nutrients to maintain healthy functioning. Similarly, eating a well-balanced, low-fat diet can filter out the toxins from the liver and maintain normal function.
  • Avoid eating raw seafood: consuming raw shellfish or clams can increase the risk of liver cirrhosis.
  • Excessive salt intake is also unhealthy for the liver.
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight: The bile fluid from the liver helps in fat sequestration. Excessive fat can damage your liver. So try keeping a healthy body weight if you are overweight.
  • Remain physically active and exercise as it boosts blood circulation throughout the body.

Quit smoking if you smoke.